This report outlines the results of the initial FOREMAP mapping, with details on volumes of funding, scientific fields of focus, perceived roles, etc. Drawing on discussions held within the European Forum on Philanthropy and Research Funding, the report also provides a general overview of some of the key characteristics of research foundations in Europe. Also featured are essays on the challenges of mapping foundations in general and more specifically in the field of R&D, and on understanding the current and future role that foundations can play in supporting research in Europe. The main objective of this report is to increase understanding and awareness among research stakeholders of foundations and their role in supporting research. As such the report is mainly directed at foundation executives, civil servants involved in research policy, researchers, research managers, university presidents, and anyone with a stake in European research, including those individuals and corporations considering setting up their own foundations.